There are several types of toothpaste on the market that meet the various needs for various age groups. When choosing, look for toothpastes displaying the Canadian Dental Association (CDA) logo, which have been analyzed and found to be beneficial to oral health.
- Whitening toothpastes: These toothpastes are formulated to remove stains caused by coffee, wine or cigarettes, and contain abrasives such as aluminum oxide or baking soda. Because some abrasives can create roughness on the tooth enamel, it is better to alternate them with a milder toothpaste.
- Anti-tartar toothpastes: The fact is that these toothpastes help delay the formation of tartar, but they don’t remove existing tartar. They are useful, but should not replace an annual scaling at the dentist’s.
- Toothpastes for sensitive teeth: These toothpastes also do not eliminate what causes tooth sensitivity. Rather, they contain ingredients—like stannous fluoride or potassium nitrate—that block the pain message sent to the brain from the nerve in the tooth. They therefore provide relief, and are not healing. If you have one or more sensitive teeth, it is recommended that you consult your dentist to find an appropriate treatment.
- All-in-one toothpastes: These are used to loosen plaque, prevent tartar, reduce gingivitis, etc. They are effective, but they can create hypersensitivity of the teeth and gums, so they are not suitable for everyone.
- So-called natural and/or organic toothpastes: These contain bases made from plant, fruit and spice extracts, and contain no colouring, preservatives or fluoride, of which the latter serves to strengthen the enamel and prevent cavities. It’s best to discuss your choice with your dental professional.
- Children’s toothpaste: In order to please toddlers, these toothpastes are enhanced with appealing flavours and colors. Their fluoride content is reduced to prevent children from ingesting too much of it, which can cause white spots on the teeth (a condition called dental fluorosis, which is not dangerous to health and does not affect adult teeth).