sleep disorders: insomnia, sleep apnea , restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy

sleep disorders: insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy

Common sleep disorders: insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndome and narcolepsy diagnosed and fixed!

INSOMNIA

DEFINITION: Trouble falling or staying asleep at least three nights a week for three months or longer.
SIGNS: Daytime fatigue, moodiness, problem with attention and memory, anxiety about sleep.
CAUSES: Stress,depression, alcohol and/or caffeine use, substance abuse, irregular sleep schedule.
TRY FIRST: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia,also known as CBT-I.
Check this fantastic link : Online behavioral cognitive therapy application
Benefits are often seen in four to six sessions with a therapist.
TRY NEXT: A prescription med like zolpidem (Ambien) eszopiclone (Lunesta), or trazodone may help, but seek the guidance of a doctor.

SLEEP APNEA

DEFINITION: Breathing pauses of 10 or more seconds in bed. About one in four adults ages 30 to 70 have it.
SIGNS: Loud, frequent snoring; choking or gasping sounds; a.m.headaches; unrefreshing sleep.
CAUSES: Overweight, older age, narrow neck/throat, alcohol use, smoking, narcotic pain Meds.
TRY FIRST: Control weight, smoking and/or drinking; sleep on your side; raise your upper body with a wedge pillow when sleeping on your back.
TRY NEXT: A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device,used while sleeping to deliver gentle air pressure via a mask to keep your airway open. Another alternative would be an oral sleep device such as Somnomed, Panthera, Prosomnus. These appliance are comfortable that alleviate snoring and sypmtoms of obstructive sleep apnea.

micro2 Prosomnus sleep device

The ProSomnus® MicrO2® Sleep and Snore Device is an original sleep device designed and manufactured by ProSomnus Sleep Technologies. Lingualess, CAD/CAM designed, and completely metal-free.

Another popular OSA device is the Somnomed apliance:

RESTLESS LEGS SYNDROME

DEFINITION: Neurological disorder causing an uncomfortable leg sensation when sitting or lying down.
SIGNS: Itching,crawling, burning or throbbing that worsens at night,creating the urge to move your legs.
CAUSES: Low iron, diabetes, Meds(antidepressants,antihistamines);sometimes the cause is unknown.
TRY FIRST: Iron supplements if needed, stretching, massage, moderate exercise,reducing caffeine or alcohol,quitting smoking.
TRY NEXT: An anticonvulsant (gabapentin)or dopaminergic agent(pramipexole). Note: meds treat symptoms but not the problem.

NARCOLEPSY

DEFINITION: Your brain loses control of its sleep-wake cycles. Sudden sleep attacks can occur.
SIGNS: Extreme daytime sleepiness; hallucinations when falling asleep; sleep paralysis.
CAUSES: Deficiency in hypocretin (neurotransmitter involved in sleep wake cycle); sometimes unknown.
TRY FIRST: Scheduled naps; exercices; no caffeine, alcohol,nicotine, or heavy meals; consulting a behavioral sleep medecine specialist.
TRY NEXT: Antidepressants, stimulants sodium oxybate (Xyrem) Note. Med treats symptoms but not the problem.

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